Know about history of rampur bushar – Many name. Many legend..!!

Rampur Bushahr is a city and a municipal council in Shimla district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It is 130 km from Shimla well connected with National Highway which passes through Narkanda (attitude 2708m).

The principality of Basher (also known as Bushahar, Bushahar, Bushahr) was once among the largest of the twenty-eight Shimla Hill States under the administration of the British Raj keen to invest on regional and transcontinental trade and exploit Himalayan resources. It bordered on the north with Spiti, on the east with Tibet, on the south with Garhwal, and on the west with Jubbal, Kotkhai, Kumharsain, Kotgarh, and Kulu. Caught in the machinations of the British imperial enterprise, it was subjected to political-cum-economic vicissitudes, acceding to the Indian Union in 1947. On the 8th March 1948, along with twenty other princely hill States of Punjab and Shimla, Bashahr signed an agreement which resulted in its inclusion in the Indian State of Himachal Pradesh.

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History of Rampur Busher:-

One of the oldest Hill Place in Shimla (Himachal Pradesh), traditionally founded by Pradhuman, the son of Lord Krishna. According to C. F. Kennedy, it was founded by Rana Danbar Singh in 1412. Some rulers were….

1) Raja CHATAR SINGH, 110th Ruling Rajput of Bashahr State, brought the whole of the state under his power during his reign.

2) Raja KALYAN SINGH, 112th Ruler of Bashahr

3) Raja KEHRI SINGH, 113th Ruler of Bashahr.

4) Raja VIJAY SINGH -/1708, 114th Ruler of Bashahr.

5) Raja UDAI SINGH 1708/1725, 115th Ruler of Bashahr, married and had issue.

Hanuman Temple Rampur

(a) Raja RAM SINGH (qv)
(b) Mian Pabar Singh, founder of the only legitimate collateral line of the royal family.
(c) Several generations
(d) Raja Narain Singh, present head (1910), jagirdar and lambardar of Kakrola in the Dassau pargana of Rampur tahsil.

6) Raja RAM SINGH 1725/1761, 116th Ruler of Bashahr, made Rampur his capital, lost much conquered land in wars with the Raja of Kullu. He died 1761.

7) Raja UDAR SINGH 1761/1785, married (amongst others), a daughter of Raja KIRAT PRAKASH of Sirmur, and had issue.

8) Raja UGAR SINGH 1785/1803, 118th Ruler of Bashahr, during his reign married and had issue. He died 1810.

(a) Raja Mahender Singh

9) Raja MAHENDRA SINGH 1815/1850 , born 1809, confirmed in his possessions by the sanad of 6th November 1815, married and had issue. He died 1850.
a) Raja SHAMSHER SINGH (qv)
b) Mian Fatteh Singh (natural son), died sp 1876.

Rampur( Himachal Pradesh)

10) Raja SHAMSHER SINGH 1850/1887 and 1898/1914, born 1838 (#1), abdicated in favour of his legitimate son in 1887, married and had issue, 1 son and 2 daughters. He died 5th August 1914.
a) Tikka Raghunath Singh, later Raja RAGHUNATH SINGH (qv)
b) Raja Sir PADAM SINGH (by a concubine)

11) Raja RAGHUNATH SINGH 1887/1898, C.I.E., married in a double ceremony in 1884, two daughters of Raja BIJAI SEN of Mandi, and had issue, 6 daughters and 1 son. He died February 1898.
a) Tikka Marender Singh, born 1886, died January 1899.

12) Raja PADAM SINGH 1914/1947, born 1873, succeeded 5th August 1914. Married 9 wives (4 from Kotkhai, one fom Mandi, one from Suket, one from Sangri), married 8thly, Rani Jwale Dei of Lambagraon, died 22nd July 1949, married 9thly, Rani Shanta Devi of Dhadi, late Rajmata of Bashahr, and had issue……

a) Devinder Singh, died young in 1922.
b) Ranbir Singh, died 1921.
c) Jagatjit Singh, born 4th November 1904, married 1929, Jai Devi of Karangla,. He died 1961.

i) Kanwar Raj Pal Singh, born 8th March 1947, married 25th November 1975, married with Kanwarani Romila Kumari of Kotkhai, and has issue.

(1) Ravija Kumari, born 12th October 1976 in Shimla, married 3rd May 1997, Tikka Danvender Singh of Kullu.
(2) Vibha Kumari, born 5th December 1977 in Kotkhai, married 3rd August 2000, Kanwar Hiteshwar Singh of Kullu.

d) Tikka Virbhadra Singh (by Rani Shanta Devi)
e) Kumari (name unknown) (by Rani Jwale Devi)
f) Rajkumar Rajendra Singh (by Rani Jwale Devi), born 28th July 1935 at Sarahan, married 20th June 1957, Rajkumari Rajendra Kumari, daughter of HH Maharaja Sir BRIJNATH SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur of Maihar in M.P., born 5th November 1943 at Jabalpur in M.P., and had issue, 3 children. He died November 1997, and was cremated at the Royal Cemetary in Rampur Bushahr

A Glimpse of Rampur town
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i) Kanwar Rajeshwar Singh, born 31st May 1958 at Simla, Heir Apparent to the gaddi of Rampur Bushahr until 1989, married 1stly, 1984 (div. 1996), Miss Parminder Singh Oberoi, married 2ndly, 1st December 1997 at Simla, Rajkumari Shrikriti Kumari, born 10th May 1965 at New Delhi, daughter of Raja YOGENDRA CHAND of Jubbal, and has issue

(1) Prakram Singh (by 1st marriage), born 28th October 1984.
(2) Kumari Rajnandini Kumari (by 2nd marriage), born 30th April 2001 at Simla.
ii) Kumari Purnima Kumari, born 27th June 1961, married 27th April 1990 in Simla, Kunwar PRajay Singh, second son of Rawal Chakrapani Singh of Bissau, and has issue.

iii) Kumari Namrata Kumari, born 19th December 1963.
g) Kumari (name unknown), married the Raja of Manswal.

13) Raja VIRBHADRA SINGH Born 23rd June 1934 in Sarahan District Shimla. B.A. (Hons), M.A.; educated at Bishop Cotton School, Shimla and St. Stephen’s College, Delhi; Honorary Captain in the Indian Army; elected Member of the Lok Sabha in 1962, 1967, 1972 and in 1980; Member of Indian Delegation to the General Assembly of the United Nations, 1976, Deputy Minister, Tourism and Civil Aviation, Govt. of India, 1976/1977; Minister of State for Industries, Government of India, 1982/1983.
Raja Virbhadar Singh & Rani Pratiba Singh

Associated with various Cultural and Social Organizations, remained President, Sanskrit Sahitya Sammelan and Friends of Soviet Union Society (H.P.State Branch); Elected twice to the Legislative Assembly from Jubbal-Kotkhai Constituency (first in 1983, in a by-election; and again in 1985 general elections), Chief Minister, Himachal Pradesh, 1983/1990 and again in 1993/1998. 6 times in total.

Elected from nearby Rohru Constituency in 1990 and 1993, Elected President State Congress Committee, 1992/1994; re-elected to State Assembly in 1998; Leader of the Congress Legislative Group in the Assembly, married 1stly, 28th May 1954, Rajkumari Rattan Kumari of Jubbal, born 16th August 1934 in Jubbal, died 27th September 1983 in Shimla, married 2ndly, 28th November 1985 at Junga, Rani Pratibha Kumari, born 16th June 1956, Member of the Lok Sabha, daughter of Raja HITENDRA SEN of Keonthal, and has issue, 4 daughters by 1st wife, and 1 son and 1 daughter by the 2nd wife.

i) Rajkumari Abhilasha Kumari, born 23rd February 1956, appointed a High Court Judge of the Gujarat High Court by the Government of India in May 2006; married 7th November 1979 in Simla, Kunwar Prithvindra Sinh Gohil of Darer in Gujarat, born 11th July 1950, and had issue.

ii) Raghavendra Sinh Gohil, born 11th July 1981 in New Delhi.
iii) Rajkumari Jyotsna Kumari, born 27th February 1958, married Rajkumar Rajiv Singh of Kashipur, and has issue.
iv) Rajkumari Anuradha Kumari, born 14th December 1960, died unmarried 4th May 1999.
v) Rajkumari Meenakshi Kumari, born 27th June 1966 at Simla, married November 1988 at Simla (div.), Yuvraj Jaideep Sinh Jhala of Limbdi, and has issue.
vi) Rajkumari Aprajita Kumari, born 6th December 1986 at Simla, educated at The Lawrence School, Sanawar, District Solan and at St. Stephen’s College, Delhi University, studying for her B.A. in Mathematics, from 2005.
vii) Tikka Vikram Aditya Singh, born 17th October 1989 at Simla, educated at Bishop Cotton School, Simla.

The Earth Does Not Belong to us, we Belong to The Earth. Slideshow: Neeraj’s trip to Shimla was created with TripAdvisor TripWow!

 

The Historical Temple of Mata Hateshwari (Shakti of God Shiva) in Himachal Pradesh – Empowering people.

Hatkoti Temple” is located at Jubbal (Hatkoti), 100 K.M. from Shimla the capital of the Himachal Pradesh. Temple is located in village Hatkoti of tehsil Jubbal distt Shimla of Himachal Pradesh. .Hatkoti Mata is regarded as the most powerful goddess among all the goddesses of northern India by the residents of Hatkoti. As we know Himachal Pradesh is a state of god and goddesses. Hartkoti is one of them. Himachal Pradesh is known as a valley of temples.

There is no written proof about the history of the temple but as we enter the premises of the temple the history diverts our minds towards itself, as there are a number of historic monuments in the temple which makes us remember about the Mabharata period. There are five stone “Deols” present in the temple premises which makes us remember about the five pandavas. These “Deols” are decreasing in size, first one being the largest in size and then the decreasing ones. In the building it’s a beautiful “Lord Shiva” temple having a large and beautiful shrine inside it, others idols present in the temple are also a proof a great architecture skills.

The interior walls and roof of the temple have also been designed using great architecturing skills. The people of Hatkoti believe that the temple was established by Guru Adi Shankracharya. Some people also believe that the temple was built somewhere in the Third era. Three Gupta Age’s Rock Edicts (in scripted stones) have been found at three different places of this ancient and historic place.
Hatkoti_Temple

The fifth kandh of Bhagvat gita describes about Mata Hateshwari as:-
Hateswari is known as the Shakti of Hateshwar and hence this place is known as Hateswari, one of the main residences of Shiva and Shakti.

In front of the temple of Mata Hateshwari towards the east direction is a small mountain known as a fort of Rambhasur. Rambhasur was the father of Maheshasur whom he has got as a reward of his prayers to Agnidev. He also went through a tough prayer of Lord Shiva and was rewarded by lord Shiva that his son would be un defeatable .Taking the advantage of this he captured the “Triloks” of the gods and betrayed them of all their powers. The defeated gods took shelter in the hard to reach places of pabbar valley and asked Mata Hateshwari to protect them from the devil. On the demand of gods Mata Hateshwari killed Maheshasur and gained the name of “Maheshasurmardini” (destroyer of Maheshasur Devil).
hatkoti temple complex

The idol of Mata in the Temple is unexplainable. The artist has tried imagining the whole universe in this idol. The statue is made up of a mixture of eight valuable metals. The statue is 1.20 meter in height. The idol displays the destroyer expression of Mata. The interesting fact about the idol is that it changes its expression, sometimes it has a smiling face and some time it is in a angry posture, the idol has such effect on the devotee that he take off his eyes from the idol. On both sides of the idol there is something written in Brahmi script.

There is a huge vessel type of a thing present near the entrance of the temple known as “charu” surrounded by chains it attracts the attention of people towards it self following one more story of its existence behind it. There is a huge hall in the temple premises known as “yagyashala” used to perform rituals. In the centre of the hall is a Hawan kund where the rituals are performed. The idols of Lord Brahma,Vishnu,Mahesh And Ganesha can be seen placed here There is a lot of sitting place available for the devotees .there is one more hall in the premises known as Satsang Bhawan which can adjust 350 devotees at a time. Nearby is a rest house where the saints and devotees take rest. There is one more hall known as Dharamshala which is mainly used to store various things of the temple. The whole premise of the temple is covered by a 12foot high wall on all the three sides. It has two main doors one towards the east serving as an entrance to the temple.

 

 

Be alive with History Of Himachal Pradesh

Himachal-Pradesh-Lahaul-Spiti
Image by Caleidoscope

Himachal Pradesh has been inhabited by human beings since the dawn of civilization. It has a rich and varied history which can be divided into several distinct eras.

Prehistory and Protohistory

About 2 million years ago man lived in the foothills of Himachal Pradesh, viz in the Bangana valley of Kangra, Sirsa valley of Nalagarh and Markanda valley of Sirmour. The foothills of the state were inhabited by people from Indus valley civilization which flourished between 2250 and 1750 B.C. People of Indus valley civilization pushed the original inhabitants of Ganga plains who were known as Kolorian people towards north. They moved to the hills of Himachal Pradesh where they could live peacefully and preserve their way of life.

In the Vedas they have been referred to as Dasas, Dasyus and Nishadas while in later works they have been called Kinnars, Nagas and Yakshas. The Kols or Mundas are believed to be the original migrants to the hills of present day Himachal.

The second phase of migrants came in the form of Mongoloid people known as Bhotas and Kiratas. Later on came the third and most important wave of migrants in the form of the Aryans who left their Central Asian home. These laid the base of history and culture of Himachal Pradesh.

Early History up to Harsha

According to the Mahabharta the tract which forms the present day Himachal Pradesh was made up of number of small republics known as Janpadas each of which constituted both a state and cultural unit.

Audumbras: The were the most prominent ancient tribes of Himachal who lived in the lower hills between Pathankot and Jwalamukhi. They formed a separate state in 2 B.C.

Trigarta: The state lay in the foothills drained by three rivers, i.e. Ravi, Beas and Satluj and hence the name. It is believed to have been an independent republic.

Kuluta: The kingdom of Kilita was situated in the upper Beas valley which is also known as the Kully valley. Its capital was Naggar.

Kulindas: This kingdom covered the area lying between the Beas, Satluj and Yamuna rivers, i.e. the Shimla and Sirmour hills. Their administration resembled a republic with members of a central assembly sharing the powers of the king.

Gupta Empire: Chandragupta slowly subdued most of the republics of Himachal by show of strength or use of force though he usually did not rule them directly. Ashoka, the grandson of Chandragupta extended his boundaries to the Himalyan region. He introduced Buddhism to this tract. He built many stupas one of which is in the Kullu valley.

Harsha: After the collapse of Gupta empire and before the rise of Harsha, this area was again ruled by petty chiefs known as Thakurs and Ranas. With the rise of Harsha in the early 7th century, most of these small states acknowledged his overall supremacy though many local powers remained with the petty chiefs.

Himachal
Image By scroll.in

Rajput Period

A few decades after Harsha’s death (647 A.D.) many Rajput states ascended in Rajsthan and Indus plains. They fought amongst themselves and the vanquished moved to the hills with their followers, where they set up small states or principalities. These states were Kangra, Nurpur, Suket, Mandi, Kutlehar, Baghal, Bilaspur, Nalagarh, Keonthal, Dhami, Kunihar, Bushahar, Sirmour.

Mughal Rule

The small hill kingdom enjoyed a large degree of independence till the eve of Muslim invasions in northern India. States of the foothills were devastated by Muslim invaders from time to time. Mahmud Ghaznavi conquered Kangra at the begining of the 10th centuary. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills and captured several forts and fought many battles.

Later on as the Mughal dynasty began to break up; the rulers of the hill states took full advantage. The Katoch rulers of Kangra availed of this opportunity and Kangra regained independence status under Maharaja Sansar Chand who ruled for nearly half a centuary. He was one of the ablest administrators of the region. After he took formal possession of Kangra fort, Sansar Chand began to expand his territory. The states of Chamba, Suket, Mandi, Bilaspur, Guler, Jaswan, Siwan and Datarpur came under the direct or indirect control of Sansar Chand.

Anglo-Gorkha and Anglo-Sikh War

The Gorkhas, a martial tribe came to power in Nepal in the year 1768. They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory. Gradually the Gorkhas annexed Sirmour and Shimla hill states. With the leadership of Amar Singh Thapa, Gorkhas laid siege to Kangra. They managed to defeat Sansar Chand, the ruler of kangra, in 1806 with the help of many hill chiefs. However Gorkhas could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809. After this defeat the Gorkhas began to expand towards south. This resulted in the Anglo-Gorkha war. They came into direct conflict with the English along the tarai belt after which the English expelled them from the hill states east of the Satluj. Thus British slowly emerged as the paramount powers in this tract.

After the Anglo-Gorkha war the common border of the British domain and Punjab became very sensitive. Both the Sikh and English wanted to avoid a direct conflict, but after the death of Ranjit Singh, the Khalsa army fought a number of wars with the British. In 1845 when the Sikhs invaded the British territory by crossing the Satluj, the rulers of many hill states sided with the English as they were looking for an opportunity to settle scores with the former. Many of these rulers entered into secret communication with the English. After the first Anglo-Sikh war, the British did not restore the hill territory vacated by Sikhs to their original owners.


Revolt of 1857

The revolt or first Indian war of independence resulted due to the building up of political, social, economic, religious and military grievances against the British. People of the hill states were not politically alive as the people in other parts of the country. They remained more or less aloof and so did their rulers with the exception of Bushahr. Some of them even rendered help to the Britishers during the revolt. Among them were the rulers of Chamba, Bilaspur, Bhagal and Dhami. The rulers of Bushars acted in a manner hostile to the interests of British. However it is not clear whether they actually aided the rebels or not.

British Rule 1858 to 1914

The British territories in the hill came under British Crown after Queen Victoria’s proclamation of 1858. The states of Chamba, Mandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the British rule. During the first World War, virtually all rulers of the hill states remained loyal and contributed to the British war effort both in thr form of men and materials. Amongst these were the states of Kangra, Siba, Nurpur, Chamba, Suket, Mandi and Bilaspur.

Freedom Struggle 1914 to 1947

The people of the hill also participated in the freedom struggle. The highlights of the freedom movement in this tract are listed below:

1.Praja Mandal launched agitations against the British yoke in areas under direct British Rule.
2.In other princely states agitations were launched for social and political reforms. However these were directed more against the princes than against the British and as such were mere extensions of freedom movement.
3.The Mandi conspiracy was carried out in 1914-15 under the influence of the Gadhr party. Meetings were held in Mandi and Suket states in December 1914 and January 1915 and it was decided to murder the Superintendent and Wazir of Mandi and Suket, to loot the treasury, blow to up the bridge over Beas river. However conspirators were caught and sentenced to long terms in prison.
4.The Pajhota agitation in which the people of a part of Sirmour state revolted is regarded as an extension of the Quit India Movement of 1942.
5.Important freedom fighters of this state during this period included Dr. Y.S. Parmar, Padam Dev, Shivanand Ramaul, Purnanand, Satya Dev, Sada Ram Chandel, Daulat Ram, Thakur Hazara Singh and Pahari Gandhi Baba Kanshi Ram.
6.The Congress party was also active in the freedom movement in the hill state particularly in Kangra.


Post-Independence Period

The history of present day Himachal Pradesh in the post-independence era has been outlined below:

1.The Chief Commissioner’s province of H.P. came into being on 15th April, 1948.
2. H.P. became a part C state on 26th January, 1950 with the implementation of the Constitution of India.
3.Bilaspur was merged with Himachal Pradesh on 1st July, 1954.
4.Himachal Pradesh became Union Territory on 1st November, 1956.
5.Kangra and most of the other hill areas of Punjab were merged with H.P. on 1st November, 1966 though its status remained that of a Union Territory.
6.On 18th December, 1970 the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament and the new state came into being on 25th January, 1971. Thus H.P. emerged as the eighteenth state of Indian Union.
7.Himachal Pradesh has come a long way since then. It has seen a number of full-fledged governments which have led the state towards economic self-reliance.