Kumharsain – History Behind The Princly State

Kumarsain lies along a side-road that branches off from the Hindustan Tibet Road between Narkanda and the valley floor of the river Satluj.

Shimla district of Himachal Pradesh, kumarsain lies between the longitude 77.00″ and 78.19″ east and latitude 30.45″ and 31.44″ north, having its headquarters situated at Shimla. It is surrounded by Mandi and Kullu in the north, Kinnaur in the eas The elevation of the district ranges from 300 metres (984 ft) to 6,000 metres (19,685 ft).

Kumharsain was a State protected mountain group in Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Simla to today. 3,310 233 km² and the population in 1881 and 1901 of 11.735 9.515 ‘s inhabitants spread over 254 towns or villages. The capital was Kumharsain 65 km to the West of Simla in 31 ° 19 N, 79 ° 30.7′ N, ECoord: 31 ° 19.77 ° 30 ° E (map). In 1881 the inhabitants around 9500 9400 were Hindus. Mountain station in Narkanda (Nag Kanda), favourite residence of inhabitants of Simla, 2795 meters, was in that State.
Hira Mehal
Hira Mehal Kumarasin
The State was founded in the 10th century and 11TH CENTURY. Ajmir Singh who ascended the throne at the beginning of the 18th century was the 49th rana. Was a feudatory State of Bashahr. In 1803 it was occupied by raja kahal Chand and Kehar Singh fled to Kulu. After the expulsion of the kahal Chand was recognized as independent by sanad on 7 February 1816, but at the same time he lost his own tax Bharauli and Madhan. Kehar Singh died without direct heirs in 1839 and the State went through the doctrine of lapse to the British. But in 1840 the British allowed the succession to a relative. The ruler Rana Hira Singh who ascended the throne on 12 November 1874, was considered little capacity and a Council of Regency was the Government for several years but without any positive results and then appointed a British Manager until the death of the sovereign on 24 August 1914. Revenues were £ 2500 in 1893 that 200 were paid as a tribute.

KUMHARSAIN (Princely State)

AREA:  218 km2 PRIVY PURSE:  15,500Rs  ACCESSION:  15th April 1948
STATE:  Himachal Pradesh DYNASTY: Surajvanshi Rajput RELIGION:  Hindu
CAPITAL: Kumharsain POPULATION:  11,735 (1901)  REVENUE:  25,000Rs 

Present Ruler/Head/Tikai/Thakur :-

Rana SURENDRA SINGH, 59th Rana of Kumharsain since 1996. Married Rani Sita Devi, daughter of Kanwar Shyam Singh of Sangri, and his first wife, Kanwarani Padam Prabha, and has issue.

  • Tikka Kamalendra Singh
  • Kunwar Vimalendra Singh
Hira mehal Kumarsain
Hira mehal Kumarsain

History:-

Founded by Kirat Singh around 1000AD. Formerly a feudatory of Bashahr, the state was declared independent after the expulsion of the Gurkhas in 1815, by a sanad dated February 1816, but at the same time it lost its own tributary states of Bharauli and Madhan. The Rana maintains a military force of 45 infantry and 1 gun (as of 1892).

Predecessors and Genealogy Tree

Rana AJMIR SINGH, 49th Rana of Kumharsain -/1725, married and had issue.

Rana Anup Singh (qv)

Rana ANUP SINGH, 50th Rana of Kumharsain 1725/1755, married and had issue. He died 1755.

  • Rana Dalip Singh (qv)
  • Kumari (name unknown), married Raja Ram Singh of Bashahr.
  • Mian Ram Singh, Wazir of Kumharsain, married and had issue.
    • Rana Pritam Singh (qv)
  • Kumari (name unknown), married Raja Devi Chand, Raja of Bilaspur.
  • Mian Surat Singh
  • Rana DALIP SINGH, 51st Rana of Kumharsain 1755/1789, married and had issue.
  • Rana Govardhan Singh (qv)
  • Rana Kehar Singh (qv)
  • Rana GOVARDHAN SINGH, 52nd Rana of Kumharsain 1789/1803, died sp in 1803. GURKHA OCCUPATION 1803/1815

Rana KEHAR SINGH, 53rd Rana of Kumharsain 1803/1839, he took refuge in Kullu during the Gurkha occupation, the state lapsed to the British authorities on his death without surviving issue. He died sp in 1839.

INTERREGNUM 1839/1840, in consideration of the late Rana’s early attachment to British interests during the Gurkha war, the Government confirmed the State to a collateral heir of the family.

  • Rana PRITAM SINGH, 54th Rana of Kumharsain 1840/1858, married and had issue. He died 1858.
  • Rana Bhawani Singh (qv)
  • Kumari (name unknown), married Rana Ram Saran Singh of Kotkhai, and had issue.
  • Kumari (name unknown), married Rana Ram Saran Singh of Kotkhai, and had issue.
  • Kumari (name unknown), married Raja Shamsher Singh of Bashahr.
  • Rana BHAWANI SINGH, 55th Rana of Kumharsain 1858/1874, married and had issue. He died 1874.
  • Rana Hira Singh (qv)
  • Kanwar Indar Singh, born 1872, married Kanwarani Janki Devi of Delath, and had issue.
Hira Mehal
Hira Mehal

Kanwar Baldev Singh, married Kanwarani Hemawati Kanwar, daughter of Kanwar Mahendra Singh of Suket, and had issue.

  • Rana Surendra Singh (qv)
  • Kumari Ramarani Kumari, married Col. Kanwar Devinder Singh of Reh, and has issue (see Nurpur).
  • Kumari Mahamaya Kumari, married Kanwar Prakritibhushan Singh of Balsan, and has issue.
  • Kumari Sharda Devi, married Capt. Kanwar Romesh Katoch, son of Kanwar Raghunath Chand Katoch, and his wife, Kanwarani Sansar Dei of Jalari in Nadaun, and has issue.
  • Kumari Richa Katoch, married Kanwar Arun Singh of Koti.
  • ·  Kumari (name unknown), married HH Raja Amar Chand Sahib Bahadur of Bilaspur.
  • ·  Kumari (name unknown), married HH Raja Amar Chand Sahib Bahadur of Bilaspur.
  • Rana HIRA SINGH, 56th Rana of Kumharsain 1874/1914, born 1851, he succeeded to the gadi on 12th November 1874 (), he was of unsound mind and the state was controlled by the Council of Regency 1874/1896, married and had issue. He died 24th August 1914.
  • Tikka Bedar Singh, died vpsp in 1913.
  • Rana Vidyadhar Singh (qv)
  • Rana VIDYADHAR SINGH, 57th Rana of Kumharsain 1914/1945 , born 1895 and succeeded to the gadi on 24th August 1914, educated at Aitchison College, Lahore; married 1stly, 1913, a daughter of Rana Durga Singh of Bhajji, married 2ndly, 1st February 1918, Rani Pratibha Devi, daughter of Raja Dhayan Singh of Baghal, married 3rdly, 1929, a daughter of Mian Partab Singh of Baghal, died in 1936, and had issue. He died 1945.
  • Rana SUMESHAWAR SINGH, 58th Rana of Kumharsain 1945/1996, born 1930, married Rani Ishwari Rajya Lakshmi Devi, daughter of Gen. Shri Sur Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana of Nepal, and his wife, a daughter of HH Maharaja Dhiraj Prithvi Bir Bikram of Nepal, and had issue. He died 1996.
  • Rana SURENDRA SINGH, 59th Rana of Kumharsain
  • Rana Sumeshwar Singh (by third wife)(qv)
  • Rajkumari Shahshi Kumari (by third wife), married (as his first wife), Shri Jagdish Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana of Nepal, and had issue.
  • Rajkumari Pratima Kumari
  • Rajkumari Rajeshwari Kumari

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