Himachal Pradesh is a section of the Indian Himalayas characterized by beautiful valleys, Snow Mountains, lakes, rivers as well as streams. After achievement of independence in 1947, India consolidates into a single state under the government of India. This happened in1948with addition of more states later on seeing the state being coveted into a fully fledged Union Territory. The state is renowned all over the world for its attractive scenery making it one of the most coveted tourist destinations in the world. All of the states of the Himachal Pradesh have been designed in such a way that they serve as very attractive tourist destinations for the country. The state sells India as a very beautiful destination and a country worth visiting and exploring especially with the hilly landscape, the snowy mountains and the beautiful streams. All these serve as making the attracting elements of the country.
The area of Himachal Pradesh is centrally located with it being bordered by the Punjab on the west, China on the East, Uttaranchal on the southeast, Haryana on the southwest and Kashmir and Jammu located on the north end of the region. As such the country is strategically located in a geographic aspect, economic aspect and even political aspect. The area in which Himachal Pradesh is found is hilly with attitude of a range of between 350 meters to 7000 meters above the sea level. The attitude is such that it gradually increases from the southern end to the northern end and also western end to the eastern end of the area. All these landscape make the country a very beautiful and attractive destination worth visiting and this explains the constant influx of tourists in the country. The region is distinctly divided into three regions of Shivalik which is also referred to as the outer Himalayas, the middles Himalayas also referred to as the inner Himalayas and lastly the alpine zone also referred to as the greater Himalayas.
It is found in a region formerly known as Deva Boomi, it was earlier inhabited by the Koilis, Halis, Dagis, Dhaugris, Dasa, Khasas, Kinnars and Kirats. This area is also renowned for the overwhelming Aryan influence that dominated this period as early as before the period known as the Rigveda. Back then at around 883AD the king of Kashmir, Sankar Varma was the one who had control over the area and as so exercised his powers over the subjects of the area. At around 1009AD the areas underwent an invasion by the Mahmud of Ghazni who looted most of the wealth especially in the temples that were located in the North of India region. Rajputs took over the reign of the area at around 1043AD. Owing to its widespread praise for its beauty in terms of appealing and vibrant scenery, the area was honored by the royal patronage of the rulers of the Mughal who proceeded to oversee the construction of many artifacts in an effort to appreciate the area. All these have contributed to the beautiful scenery which attract tourists to the country.
The Rajputs maintained their influence in this region since the 1773AD under the guidance of the Sansar Chand until the 1804 when they were attacked and ousted by the Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Later on the Gurkhas that had originally moved from the Nepal region moved in and occupied the area but did not maintain it with all their activities devastating the area. With the colonialism all over in the 19th century the British influence was felt with areas occupied such as the Shimla after the famous Gurkha war of 1815 – 1816. The region was governed centrally since the 1948 after the Second World War until when the area initially made up of 31 states was expanded to receive additional regions later on in the year 1966. Some of the districts of Himachal Predesh include Bilaspur, chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Kinnaur, Kullu, Lahaul-Spiti, Mandi, Shimla, Sirmaur, Solan and Una.
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