Despite many Geographical and Climatic adversities, Himachal Pradesh has emerged as one of the leading state of India in many aspects. There are many facts we must know about Himachal Pradesh.
1.Himachal pradesh was formed on 15 April, 1948 as Chief Commissioner’s Province of H.P. by integration of 28 princely states with four Districts Chamba, Mandi, Sirmour and Mahasu.
2.Himachal got complete statehood on 25 Jan,1971 and became the 18th state of India.
3.Himachal Pradesh is second in literacy rate in India after Kerala having literacy rate of 83.85%.
4.The economy of Himachal Pradesh is currently the third fastest growing economy in India
5.Himachal Pradesh has been ranked fourth in the list of the highest per capita incomes of Indian states
6.Himachal Pradesh is the least urbanized state in India with nearly 90% of population living in rural area,
7.Himachal Pradesh is ranked the second-least corrupt state in the country after Kerala.
8.Hamirpur district has the highest density of roads in Northern India.
9.Lahaul Spiti is the largest district by area while Hamirpur is the smallest.
10.Kangra (15, 07,223-2011 census) is the most whlile Lahaul & Spiti (31,528) is the least populated districts.
11.Hamirpur (406/sq km) has the highest population density while Lahaul & Spiti (2/sq km) has the least.
12.Hamirpur (1096) leads in sex ratio. Two more districts Kangra(1,013) and Mandi (1,012) has more females than males. Kinnaur (818) has the lowest sex ratio.
13.Hamirpur district (89.01%) has the highest literacy rate while Chamba (73.19) has the lowest.
14.Altitude of Himachal varies from 350 mtrs to 7000 mtrs.
15.Himachal has 37,033 square km of forest area which is 66.52% of the total area of the state.
16.Satluj is the longest and Ravi is the largest river volume.
17.Shilla peak (7,025 mtrs) in Kinnaur is the highest peak of the state.
18.Shigri Glacier in Lahaul is the largest glacier in Asia.
19.Natural Salt i.e. Rock Salt mines are located in Gumma, Drang and Maigel in distt. Mandi.
20.Manali-Leh National Highway is the highest motor able road in the world.
21.Shimla Kalka toy train and The Great Himalayan national Park in Kullu are the world heritage sites.
22.Malana is one of the oldest Democracy of the world.
23.Himachal has a vast potential of Hydro Power generation with a estimated capacity of 25,000 MW, out of which 3934.74MW has been harnessed so far and many projects are under construction. Shanan Power house in Joginder Nagar, built in 1896, was the first Power Station of the state.
24.Himachal Pradesh on 2 July 2013 was declared as the first Smoke-free state of the country. “Smoking in Public Places is Prohibited in the state.
25.Himachal Govt has imposed a ban on production, storage, use, sale and distribution of all types of polythene bags made of non-biodegradable on October 2, 2009.
26.No of colleges: Govt. Degree Colleges-67; Pvt. Degree Colleges-29
27.No. of Schools: Primary School: 10,757; Middle School-2300; High and Secondary School-2166
28.Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla was the first University of the state established in 1970.
29.IGMC Shimla was the first Medical College of the state, started in 1967.
30.Solan is known as the ‘Mushroom City’ for Mushroom Production, This is also one of the fastest growing hill town in Asia.
31.Himachal Pradesh is the second largest producer of apple in the country after Jammu & Kashmir. Himachal has a rich collection of as many as 450 cultivars of apples. Himachal Pradesh currently produces over 4 lacs tones of apple annually in 92.8 thousands Hectare, which grossed about Rs.2500 crores.
32.Himachal has 9 national highways of 1,208 km length, 19 state highways with total length of 1,625 km and 45 major district roads with total length of 1753.05 km.
33.Railway Network in the state consists of 96 km narrow gauge Kalka-Shimla,113 km long Pathankot-Joginder Nagar narrow gauge and a broad gauge line connecting Nangal Dam in Punjab to Una.. Una is connected to New Delhi by Jan Shatabdi express and Himachal Express.
34.The three airports in Himachal Pradesh are: Jubbar Hatti Airport near Shimla, Gaggal Airport near Kangra and Bhuntar Airport near Kullu. The flights operate only seasonally due to extreme conditions. All these airports have shorter runways that are capable of landing the smaller aircraft such as the 18-seater Dornier & 42 seater ATR.
35.Himachal Road Transport Corporation (HRTC) operates in 23 Depots and 4 divisions with a fleet of 1957 Vehicles, which run on 2122 routes and cover 4.59 lacs kms distance per day.
36.Current Assembly (2012- current) is the 12th assembly of the state. Congress
37.Sh. Virbhadra Singh was elected the chief minister of the state 5th time.
38.Sh. Yadvinder Goma of Congress Party from Jaisinghpur AC became the Youngest MLA of state at an age of 26.
39.Some famous celebrities associated with entertainment industry from Himachal are Anupam Kher, Preity Zinta, Kangna Ranaut, Mohit Chauhan, Yami Gautam, Rubina Dilaik
40.Deepak Thakur (Hockey) , Vijay Kumar (Shooting), Samresh Jung(Shooting), Anuja Jung(Shooting), Suman Rawat (Athletics), Rishi Dhawan(Cricket) and Ajay Thakur (Kabaddi) have represented India in respective sports.
41.First Param Veer Chakra ever was awarded to Major Somnath Sharma(Posthumous) of Kangra District. In Kargil war of 1999, 2 out of 4 Param Veer Chakras were awarded to Himachalis: Capt Vikram Batra(Posthumous) of Kangra and Rifleman Sanjay Kumar of Bilaspur.